Posts Tagged ‘hesco’

BAAC, CP to help farmers lift output-hesco bastion

datePosted on 11:46, 十二月 10th, 2011 by admin

Military Barrier
Military Bastion
Military Barrier
Military Bastions
Military Barriers
Hesco Bastion
Hesco Barrier
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
BAAC, CP to help farmers lift output
Technologies,Operations could resume within 45 days in flooded industrial estates-Flood Lines, hybrid seeds to be offered

Published: 1/12/2011 at 12:00 AM
Newspaper section: Business

The Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC) has teamed up with a CP Group unit to help flood-affected farmers resume work with more efficient production methods.

Rice farmers who obtained career rehabilitation loans from BAAC have the option of entering the programme, in which farm management, technologies and hybrid rice seeds are essential.

Montri Congtrakultien, CEO of the Crop Integration Business Group (CPS), said innovation in cultivation could help flood-hit farmers cope with troubles stemming from climate change.

Hybrid seeds offering strong yields and disease resistance are provided, while more machine usage is urged to ramp up efficiency.

The company will buy back paddy at fair prices or help farmers to improve and distribute paddy to the market.

CPS has prepared 1,700 tonnes of CP111 hybrid rice seed to support the programme. It claims the seed offers productivity of 850 kilogrammes per rai, about two times higher than the average yield of Thai rice.

The agreement signed yesterday between Mr Montri and BAAC executive vice-president Arun Lertwilai is part of BAAC’s rehabilitation programme for flood victims.

The bank reported 341,496 farm households farming 9.03 million rai of rice fields had 4.68 million tonnes of paddy damaged. BAAC offers low-interest loans of up to 100,Flood prevention the easy way-异型钢格板,000 baht to flood-affected farmers. A three-year debt moratorium with no interest charges is allowed for farmers whose farmland and production were destroyed.

The Agricultural Economics Office reported that the disasters caused 72 billion baht in damages to the farm sector, dragging down the industry to 1% growth this year from a prediction of 3% earlier.

About 1.4 million people in the sector were victims, of which 1.3 million worked in rice and other crops.

To assist rice farmers, the Rice Department plans to distribute 72,000 tonnes of rice seeds to farmers for free, with a limit of 10 kg/rai and 10 rai.

That volume is unlikely to meet unusually high demand this year. Normally about 900,蛇篭,000 tonnes of seeds are needed each year, but the Rice Department can only supply 100,000 tonnes each year,Froc Eastern area dry next week-Hesco Bastion, causing farmers to reuse paddy for replanting or turning to companies such as CPS for seeds.

Mr Montri said CP111 took a decade of development. The hybrid has been used in 3,500 rai in the north and central plains for two crops with an average yield of 1,037 kg per rai.

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Information

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible metal wire mesh container and heavy duty fabric liner, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously,黑铁丝, people had to fill sandbags, a slow undertaking, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed,铁亮丝电焊网, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.

Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.

Specification

categoryPosted in Wire Mesh | comments评论关闭 | moreRead More »

Estate operators erect flood dykes against future deluges-不锈钢软态丝

datePosted on 11:46, 十二月 10th, 2011 by admin

Military Barrier
Military Bastion
Military Barrier
Military Bastions
Military Barriers
Hesco Bastion
Hesco Barrier
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Estate operators erect flood dykes against future deluges

Published: 3/12/2011 at 12:00 AM
Newspaper section: Business

Two leading industrial estate operators plan to build a strong, permanent dyke around their properties to curb any future flooding.

Rojana Industrial Park Plc with one estate in Ayutthaya will spend 2 billion baht to erect a 67-kilometre dyke, while Nava Nakorn Plc in Pathum Thani plans has earmarked 600 million baht for a 20-km barrier around its industrial promotion zone in Pathum Thani.

The Japan International Cooperation Agency will advise on both projects, which are aimed at restoring investor confidence.

Construction on the dykes will begin next month and be finished by mid-2012.

Funding will be via soft loans at 0.1% interest from the state-owned Government Savings Bank under the government’s 15-billion-baht aid programme for flood-affected industrial estate operators.

Energy Minister Pichai Naripthaphan said the government must ensure the industrial sector’s rapid recovery, as the devastating floods have rendered massive numbers of workers jobless.

The two estates employed nearly 500,000 people pre-crisis.

In a bid to speed up the pumping of water,Wire Mesh Blog, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand,What comes after the flood-gabion, PTT Plc and private energy firms have jointly built 140 water drainage systems, each one comprising a water pump, tank and pipeline.

The industrial estates started draining water two weeks ago.

Rojana finally dried out on Wednesday, and all of its 240 factories will resume operations next month.

Nava Nakorn should be dry sometime next week, and all 227 Nava Nakorn factories will also restart in January.

Witaya Launglueyos, the senior general manager of Rojana Industrial Park Plc, said many factories have started cleaning up, with three of them including Minebea and Nidec conducting test runs.

Gen Chainarong Noonpakdee, Nava Nakorn Plc’s board chairman said his company will ask the government for a tax holiday since the cost of the dyke is relatively high.Clients will also be subject to a surcharge in their monthly utility bills to help finance the structure, he said.

Prior to the start of draining, microorganisms were introduced to help clean up the water, Gen Chainarong added.

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Information

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible wire meshes container and heavy duty fabric liner, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously,Froc mulls disbanding as emergency phase ends-五拧石笼网, people had to fill sandbags, a slow undertaking, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked,不锈钢软态丝, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container,黑铁丝, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed,School opening postponed to Dec 13-Hesco Bastion, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.

Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.

Specification

categoryPosted in Wire Mesh | comments评论关闭 | moreRead More »

Flood Prevention technology-Hesco Bastion

datePosted on 11:46, 十二月 10th, 2011 by admin

Military Barrier
Military Bastion
Military Barrier
Military Bastions
Military Barriers
Hesco Bastion
Hesco Barrier
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
map
Flood Prevention technology

Published: 30/11/2011 at 07:56 PM
Online news: Learning From News

Technologies to watch water levels (by satellite, laser, underwater) & to make flood forecasts by bringing info together in one place.

Photo above of a light-detection and ranging map (LIDAR) gives the elevation of a given area using laser technology. LIDAR uses the reflection to construct a 3D view of a location, making it easy to see changes in the area.

Click button to listen to Flood Prevention Systems to download

Data, data everywhere, Analyst suggests setting up a water centre where all information is kept and technology deployed to make the best use of it by Suchit Leesa-nguansuk

A national water data centre should be a government focus to pool all fragmented water information resources, involving over 30 state agencies, says Royol Chitradon, director of the Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute.

A light-detection and ranging map (LIDAR) gives the elevation of a given area using laser technology. By sending shortwaves, LIDAR uses the reflection to construct a 3D view of a location, making it easy to see changes in the area.

The centre would manage and analyse data, including rainfall volumes, water catchments, water release, sea water levels, canal and river levels, weather forecasts, flood-risk areas and water pump and gate operations.

“The hardware required for all this data can be easily obtained. But we need to integrate the data exchange to make it available for all parties involved,” said Dr Royol, who is a representative of the Strategic Committee for Water Resources Management.

A remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicle is helpful to find drainage obstacles such as dense water hyacinth.

The Thai government has been bombarded with a slew of questions and complaints from the public in the wake of the floods, but couldn’t answer many of them due to a lack of basic data. More accurate data and the ability to analyse it are critical factors for the country’s decision-makers to manage water so Thailand can avoid a repeat of the current disaster.

Dr Royol urged the government to use light detection and ranging technology (LIDAR), a tool for measuring and recording elevation data to measure the height of flood-affected provinces. This technology could be used to develop a higher-resolution topographic system, which would have an error range of less than 20 centimetres.

Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra said US President Barack Obama pledged the US government would send LIDAR experts to Thailand for assistance in flood provention.

Dr Royol admitted drafting a city data model would be impossible because it was difficult to collect the height of each area, road,welded wire mesh distributor, tile drain and dynamic construction. Agricultural landscapes would provide better accuracy.

The state might use the echo sounder to evaluate the depth of all major rivers and canals. It works by sending pressure waves down from the surface of the water and recording the time it takes the echo to return from the bottom.

“During the floods, we installed the echo sounder on boats to measure canal depths in Bangkok and Samut Sakhon province,” he said.

Dr Royol said the availability of the echo sounder is still limited. But Thais know how to use it and can produce it locally, which could bring the price down to 100,000 baht per unit.

He added the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles equipped with GPS, cameras and remote control for image capturing was helpful to find drainage obstacles such as dense water hyacinth.

Satellite images from the Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency helped the government with flood relief and in determining which critical risk areas need immediate drainage.

A telemeter also proved effective in water drainage, especially at Chulalongkorn water gate, he said.

Dr Royol said the government needs to replace the computer-controlled watergate system with manual platforms to manage gates more effectively, particularly those in highly flooded areas that were difficult to access.

The Netherlands’ advice was that city planners should consider all natural water sources including canals and rivers, drainage and water waste management in a water management plan.

The Department of Public Works and Town & Country Planning, meanwhile, need to establish rules to control the height of roads, drains and construction so that they do not block drainage.

(Source: Bangkok Post, Data, data everywhere, Analyst suggests setting up a water centre where all information is kept and technology deployed to make the best use of it, 30/11/2011, Suchit Leesa-nguansuk,防洪墙-expanded metal sheet, link)

Flood Prevention Technology Vocabulary

Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) – a remote sensing technology that can “measure the distance to, or other properties of a target by illuminating the target with light, often using pulses from a laser,” used in mapping, archaeology,Clearing Up The Rubbish-hesco bastion, geography, geology, seismology (study of earthquakes), forestry, also called “laser radar” (See Wikipedia)

remote sensing – using satellites and aircraft to gather information about what is happening over large areas on the surface of the earth, “the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon, without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technologies to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and oceans) by means of propagated signals (e.g. electromagnetic radiation emitted from aircraft or satellites)” (See Wikipedia)

satellite – a device in outer space that does things like transmit television or telephone signals or take photos of the earth ดาวเทียม (See Wikipedia)

image – any picture, especially one formed by a mirror or a lens ภาพ

satellite images – photos of the earth taken from outer space

Satellite images helped in determining which critical risk areas need immediate drainage

telemeter – a device used to remotely measure a quantity (See Wikipedia)

telemetry – a technology that allows measurements to be made at a distance by via radio waves, used in many areas including water management (See Wikipedia)

a telemeter also proved effective in water drainage

detection – the process of proving that something is present using scientific methods

elevation – the height of a place above the level of the sea ความภูมิฐาน

a light-detection and ranging map (LIDAR) gives the elevation of a given area using laser technology.

a tool for measuring and recording elevation data to measure the height of flood-affected provinces

by sending shortwaves, LIDAR uses the reflection to construct a 3D view of a location, making it easy to see changes in the area

resolution – image resolution, the detail and clearness of an image or photo, the number of pixels in the image (if you zoom in, then you can see more detail) (See Wikipedia)

high-resolution – an image with a lot of detail

topography – the description of the physical features of land such as valleys,Flood prevention the easy way-grating, mountains, hills and rivers and theie presentation on maps (See Wikipedia)
topographic (adjective)

topographic system – map making system (See Wikipedia)

a higher-resolution topographic system

data – facts or information used for making calculations or decisions ข้อมูล

national water data centre

deploy – prepare a resource so that it is ready to be used

deploy technology – prepare technology so that it is ready to be used

technology deployed to make the best use of data

focus – the main project or taks (concentrating time and money on) ให้ความสำคัญ

fragmented – not unified; broken into separate parts

resources – things such as money, workers, equipment and information that can be used to help achieve something ทรัพยากร

information resources – data and information that can be used to make decisions

fragmented information resources – meaning: the data that can be used to make decisions is not all in one place (difficult to find and gather together)

a government focus to pool all fragmented water information resources

rainfall volumes – the amounts of rain that fall during different times of the year

water catchment – an area of land such as a mountain valley that gathers water from rainfall together into one place such as a stream or river, also called a drainage basin (See Wikipedia)

release – to set someone or something free ปล่อยเป็นอิสระ

water release – water released from dams (and then flowing down rivers, which can result in floods)

forecasts – what experts say will happen in the future คาดการณ์

weather forecasts – what weather experts expect the weather to be in the next week or so (See Wikipedia)

risk – danger, how likely or possible it is for a bad event that causes harm and damage ความเสี่ยง

flood-risk areas – areas that could be damaged by floods in the future

data exchange – when universities and government agencies work together and give each other the data they have

integrate – to combine things of different types in one effective system (so it all works together as a whole) รวมเข้าด้วยกัน

parties – people or companies entering into a business arrangement or deal

integrate the data exchange to make it available for all parties involved

a representative of the Strategic Committee for Water Resources Management.

remote – far away in distance ไกล far away from cities, difficult to get to ที่ห่างไกลจากความเจริญ (ของเมือง)

vehicle – a machine that you travel in or on, especially one with an engine that travels on roads, e.g., a car, bus, van, truck, etc. ยานพาหนะ

remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicle – a airplane without humans in it, also sometimes called “drones” (See Wikipedia)

drainage – the system of water or waste liquids flowing away from somewhere into the ground or down pipes การระบายน้ำ

obstacles – things that makes it difficult to go somewhere or do something อุปสรรค

drainage obstacles – things that make it difficult to drain and remove the water from an area

dense – very thick

water hyacinth – a plant that grows on and floats on the water ผักตบชวา ชื่อละตินคือ Eichhornia crassipes (See Wikipedia)

a remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicle is helpful to find drainage obstacles such as dense water hyacinth

complaints – when people say there is something wrong and they want it changed

bombarded – get hit with things (such a bomb from a plane)

a slew of – many

bombarded with a slew of questions

in the wake of – after a big event

in the wake of the floods

lack – does not have ขาดแคลน

a lack of basic data – do not even have the small of simple data needed to make decisions

the Thai government has been bombarded with a slew of questions and complaints from the public in the wake of the floods, but couldn’t answer many of them due to a lack of basic data.

accurate – correct, exact and without any mistakes ถูกต้อง, แม่นยำ

critical – extremely important because a future situation will be affected by it สำคัญยิ่ง

factors – the different things that affect the outcome of a situation, event, or decision ปัจจัย

current – of the present time ปัจจุบัน

disaster – something very bad that happens and causes a lot of damage or kills a lot of people ความหายนะ ภัยพิบัติ

More accurate data and the ability to analyse it are critical factors for the country’s decision-makers to manage water so Thailand can avoid a repeat of the current disaster.

urged – requested them to do, begged them to do; advised someone very strongly about what action should be taken วิงวอน

measure the height of flood-affected province

error range – the amount that the measurement could be in error (5% to 10%, for example)

pledged – seriously promised to do something สาบาน

assistance – help (given to someone)

assistance in flood prevention

drafting – writing

dynamic – having a lot of ideas and enthusiasm; energetic and forceful จรวิสัย

drafting a city data model

dynamic – moving (not “static” or at rest)

construction – the work of building or making something,不锈钢丝, especially buildings, bridges, etc. การก่อสร้าง

dynamic construction.

provide – to give someone something that they want or need

accuracy – the correctness of information (even in small details)

agricultural landscapes would provide better accuracy

echo – when the sound you make in a cave or valley or at cliffs comes back to you เสียงสะท้อน สะท้อน,expanded mesh, สะท้อนกลับ

sound echos

echo sounding – using sound pulses directed from the surface or from a boat or submarine downwards to the bottom of a river, lake, sea, etc to measure the distance to the bottom by means of sound waves (See Wikipedia)

echo sounder – the device used to do “echo sounding”

depth – the distance down either from the top of something to the bottom, or to a distance below the top surface of something ความลึก

canals – waterways to travel along or to drain water

use the echo sounder to evaluate the depth of all major rivers and canals.

pressure waves

surface of the water

It works by sending pressure waves down from the surface of the water and recording the time it takes the echo to return from the bottom.

the availability of the echo sounder is still limited.

screen – to check something to see if something is acceptable

device – a machine or piece of equipment that does a particular job อุปกรณ์ เครื่องมือ เครื่องจักร

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles equipped with GPS, cameras and remote control for image capturing was helpful to find drainage obstacles such as dense water hyacinth.

relief – help for improving a bad physical condition or a bad situation การผ่อนคลาย, การบรรเทา help; assistance การช่วยให้พ้นภัย

flood relief

effective – works well, gets the job done; producing the result that was intended ได้ผลดี

proved effective – has been effective over a long period of time (proved itself)

replace – to get rid of someone or something and to put a new person or thing in their place หาคนมาแทน, เลิกให้และนำสิ่งใหม่มาใช้แทน

manual – not automatic or computerized (a human must do it; usually by using their hands = manual)

effectively – working well and producing the results that they wanted

the government needs to replace the computer-controlled watergate system with manual platforms to manage gates more effectively

access – the ability to get something; the right or opportunity to have or use something ได้รับสิทธิ์หรือโอกาสในการใช้

highly flooded areas that were difficult to access.

natural – found in nature (not made in a factory by humans) ตามธรรมชาติ

waste water – used dirty water from homes and businesses that must be treated before being released into rivers

should consider all natural water sources including canals and rivers, drainage and water waste management in a water management plan.

establish – to start a company or organization that will likely continue for a long time สถาปนา, ก่อตั้ง, จัดตั้ง

block – to stop something from moving through or along something else กีดขวาง ปิดกั้น

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Information

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible steel wire mesh container and heavy duty fabric liner, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously, people had to fill sandbags, a slow undertaking, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.

Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.

Specification

categoryPosted in Wire Mesh | comments评论关闭 | moreRead More »

UTCC Q1 growth hinges on post-flood measures-HESCO

datePosted on 11:46, 十二月 10th, 2011 by admin

Military Barrier
Military Bastion
Military Barrier
Military Bastions
Military Barriers
Hesco Bastion
Hesco Barrier
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions
UTCC: Q1 growth hinges on post-flood measures

Published: 30/11/2011 at 12:00 AM
Newspaper section: Business

Experts believe the government should revamp the economy in next year’s first quarter to avoid any severe effects on employment figures.

Thanavath Phonvichai,annealed tie wire, director of the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce’s Economic and Business Forecasting Center, yesterday said the country’s economic growth will depend largely on the success of government rehabilitation measures.

If they fail, unemployment could reach 1.7%,Court finishes hearing Nonthaburi flood case-hesco,Window Screen, he said.

Risk factors next year will include the fragile global economic situation stemming from the EU financial crisis, while the US and Asia may not expand at a satisfactory rate.

Dr Thanavath urged the government to help industries by alleviating economic burdens such as the oil prices and high interest rates.

He believes the central bank’s Monetary Policy Committee will cut the key policy rate by 50 basis points to revive the economy by the end of the first quarter.

A centre survey of business entrepreneurs showed 74.4% of more than 700 respondents found their performances in the fourth quarter have been slower than in the same period last year in terms of both revenue and profits while costs have been rising.

The main factor affecting their businesses is the flood crisis, followed by oil prices and the global economy.

The centre reaffirmed its estimate that flood damage will shave 3.1 to 3.4 percentage points or almost 350 billion baht off the gross domestic product.

Damage will be 200 billion baht to the industrial sector, 80 billion to agriculture, 25 billion to tourism, 30 billion to trading and 6.7 billion to other sectors including transport and services.

However, taking into account damage of 500-700 billion baht to public and private assets and 100-200 billion baht to exports, the total estimate comes in at 1-1.2 trillion baht.

Sauwanee Thairungroj, the university’s vice-president for research, said the government should also cover education expenses, as people will need money for home repairs after the floodwater recedes.

A recent survey showed home repairs would take up 23% of victims’ household budgets. But the respondents said they need 80% of their budget for necessary items.

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Information

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible wire meshes container and heavy duty fabric liner, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control,H.M. King Bhumibol Provides Relief Packages to Flood Victims-Hesco Bastion, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously, people had to fill sandbags, a slow undertaking,barbed iron wire, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container,Flood death toll rises to 666-HESCO, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.

Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.

Specification

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Lurking danger of flood-damaged buildings-Bridge Protection Systems

datePosted on 10:27, 十二月 3rd, 2011 by admin

,Froc Eastern area dry next week-Hesco barrier

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously, people had to fill sandbags, a slow undertaking, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.
Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.
Hesco Barrier Hesco Bastion
Military Barriers Military Bastions
Military Barrier Military Bastion

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

flood buildings

Photos of people driving to their home by boat. Boats are now the only way to get to some homes in the floodwaters (Photo: Pattanapong Hirundard)

Click button to listen to Flood Damaged Buildings to download

1) Are the structures of buildings such as shophouses, commercial buildings and housing estates strong enough to tolerate water pressure?

This basically depends on the construction standard. Normally, concrete buildings are stronger than those made of wood since there are steel bars inside the concrete. If the building is designed and constructed according to professional standards, with sufficient steel bars and proper pillar size,树池钢格板, it is quite certain that the structure can withstand the pressure of no more than two metres of water without grave structural damage or falling down.

2) Which part of the building can be damaged most in massive flooding?

Brick walls and the floors are the most vulnerable during a flood because they are the parts that come into direct contact with the water. The larger the surface, the more area will be affected by the floodwater and the pressure that comes with it. So, damage is more likely to occur to these parts compared to beams and pillars.

At one metre high,Playground Fence, the water will exert pressure of 1,000 kilogrammes or a tonne per cubic metre. This will be doubled if it is two metres high. In reality, the wall and surface are only designed to put up with pressure of 100-200 kilogrammes per cubic metre for the walls and 200-300 kilogrammes per cubic metre for the floor. Therefore, huge pressure from water up to two metres deep may cause the wall to collapse and the floor to become warped and cracked. Wooden structures may become loosened.

3) What are the chances of the beams and pillars cracking?

Beams and pillars may be damaged if they are too small. Knock-down materials that are widely used in new housing estates can be a problem as there may be cracks in the connecting parts.

Besides, long-standing floodwater may devour parts of small pillars, exposing the steel bars to the water and causing them to rust. If this is the case, they urgently need to be fixed or the structure may crumble. If the cracks are severe, the beams will need to be replaced

Remain calm if you spot damages and cracks on beams and pillars as these may only be on the surface. If you find any cracks, call an engineer to check them

4) What about the foundation?

There are two types of foundation, one with foundation piles underground and the other on the ground. Watch out for the underground structure to make sure that the foundation pillars remain intact. At the same time, the water may wash away the soil that holds the on-the ground foundation, causing the structure to become unbalanced.

5) Buildings with basements need special care.

Pumping water from a flooded basement must be carried out step-by-step with extreme care. Doing it in a rush can cause further damage. Initially, it’s necessary to keep pressure balanced between the water in and outside the basement, or pressure outside the basement will push the wall, causing serious cracks in the structure. It’s better to wait until the water outside recedes before siphoning the water from the basement.

6) Some guidelines for structural repairs.

If not severely damage, construction adhesives can be used for cracks in the walls and beams. The rust on steel bars needs to be removed and covered with rust-proof paint. Reinforcing the steel bars may be necessary.

Broken pillars must be removed and replaced immediately to prevent the structure from falling down.

Warped floors and walls must be fixed or rebuilt.

If the main structure slips from the foundation, it’s necessary to have a new foundation built. Call an engineer

7) Other concerns in addition to structural repairs.

Further checks are needed for damage to other parts of the house, like parquet floors, doors and windows as well as paint and wallpaper. Some works, like the electrical system, require a professional.

If there are any doubts about inspecting buildings, call the Engineering Institute of Thailand on 02-319-24103. From www.thaireform.in.th/news-health-system/item/ 6671-2011-11-14-10-03-35.html. Contributed by Associate Professor Amorn Pimanmas, PhD, from Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University. Translated by Pinnachan Dangulavanich.

(Source: SMART CHOICE, Critical questions concerning flooddamaged structures,Flood-weary residents vent fury-Hesco Bastion, 28/11/2011, link)

Post-Flood Building Repair Vocabulary

structures of buildings - สิ่งก่อสร้าง,Bridge Protection Systems, อาคาร, สิ่งที่สร้างขึ้น

pillar – a tall solid supports for a building, also called a “column” เสาหิน ตอหม้อ หรือ คานรับน้ำหนัก (See Wikipedia) เสาหลัก

beams – long thick pieces of metal, concrete, etc. especially used to support weight in a building or other structure เสา (See Wikipedia)

construction – the work of building or making something, especially buildings, bridges, etc. การก่อสร้าง

standards – an acceptable level of quality or achievement มาตรฐาน

construction standard

profession - a field of work that requires special, education, training, and licensing exams such as architecture, medicine, accounting, etc

professional standards – high levels of quality followed in a profession

constructed according to professional standards

flood damaged structures

structural (adjective)

structural damage - damage to the structure of the building (such as the pillars, beams and foundation that support the building)

grave – very serious; very dangerous วิกฤติ, ร้ายแรง

grave structural damage – very serious and bad damage to the structure of a building

critical questions - important questions

critical questions concerning flood damaged structures

cracks – lines on a surface where something is beginning to break apart; divisions รอยแยก ส่วนที่แยกออก

cracks in the connecting parts

serious cracks in the structure.

cracks in the structure

spot – to see or notice

spot cracks - see cracks (that need to be repaired)

surface – on the outside of an object

cracks may only be on the surface

remain calm if you spot damages and cracks on beams and pillars as these may only be on the surface

severe – very serious and worrying ที่รุนแรง ที่น่าเป็นห่วง

if the cracks are severe, the beams will need to be replaced

What are the chances of the beams and pillars cracking?

knock-down materials - cheap materials (low quality for low price)

building materials – materials such as cement, steel bar, etc used to building buildings

concrete - the material used to make most buildings structures, a “construction material, composed of cement (commonly Portland cement) and other cementitious materials such as fly ash and slag cement, aggregate (generally a coarse aggregate made of gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone, or granite, plus a fine aggregate such as sand), water and chemical admixtures” (See Wikipedia) คอนกรีต,

concrete buildings

concrete buildings are stronger than those made of wood since there are steel bars inside the concrete

foundation – the part of a structure of a building that is below the ground and supports the rest of it รากฐาน

foundation piles - a long pole-like object made of reinforced concrete, steel or wood driven into the ground to make the foundation of a building stronger (See Wikipedia)

there are two types of foundation, one with foundation piles underground and the other on the ground.

intact – not harmed, damaged, or lacking any parts as a results of something that has happened สมบูรณ์ ไม่บุบสลาย

watch out for the underground structure to make sure that the foundation pillars remain intact.

brick - a small block of concrete or ceramics stacked to build a structure อิฐ (See Wikipedia)

brick walls – walls made of cement bricks stacked on each other (without the steel bars of poured concrete)

brick walls and the floors are the most vulnerable during a flood because they are the parts that come into direct with the water.

steel bars - long steel bars used to make the concrete in buildings stronger,BAAC, CP to help farmers lift output-gabion, also “reinforcement bars” or “rebars” used in “reinforced concrete” (See Wikipedia)

reinforce - make stronger, strengthen, support ทำให้แข็งแกร่งขึ้น, สนับสนุน, เสริม

reinforcing the steel bars

rust - the chemical reaction of oxidation of iron metal which weakens the metal and turns it red in color , also called corrosion, oxidation สนิม, ขี้สนิม (See Wikipedia)

rust-proof paint - paint that prevents metal from rusting

the rust on steel bars needs to be removed and covered with rust-proof paint. Reinforcing the steel bars may be necessary.

siphon - when you siphon liquid from a container, you make the liquid come out through a tube and down into a lower container, by using the pressure of air on it to push it out ถ่ายน้ำโดยวิธีกาลักน้ำ, ดูดน้ำออกด้วยหลักความกดอากาศ, ดูดของเหลวออกด้วยท่อหรือสาย

siphoning the water from the basement

it’s better to wait until the water outside recedes before siphoning the water from the basement.

adhesives - glues (used to join two surfaces together) สิ่งที่ทำให้ติดอยู่ได้, สิ่งที่ทำให้ของติดกัน

construction adhesives can be used for cracks in the walls and beams.

warped – wood that is bent บิดงอ

warped floors - wooden floors that have bent

warped floors and walls must be fixed or rebuilt

slip – slide, move from a place suddenly and quickly ลื่นไถล, ไถล

slip from the foundation

if the main structure slips from the foundation, it’s necessary to have a new foundation built.

parquet floors – a style of wooden floor (See Wikipedia)

wallpaper - paper put on the wall of a room to decorate the room (instead of painting the room) (See Wikipedia)

shophouses – the building you see most often on the streets of Bangkok, with a shop on the first floor, and a living area on the floors above (See photo at top of page) ร้านค้า

commercial – for business purposes

commercial buildings – buildings for shops, facatories and other businesses

housing estates – special areas with a lot of houses

pressure - force per unit area (See Wikipedia) ความดัน

water pressure – the force of water against an object (which can damage structures)

tolerate water pressure - when an object or structure does not break from the water pressure force against it

strong enough to tolerate water pressure

sufficient – enough พอเพียง

sufficient steel bars

proper - right or correct

proper pillar size

the building is designed and constructed according to professional standards, with sufficient steel bars and proper pillar size

withstand – to be strong enough not to be hurt or damaged by extreme force, extreme conditions, etc. ทนทาน

withstand pressure - not break under pressure

the structure can withstand the pressure of no more than two metres of water without grave structural damage or falling down.

massive – very large in size, amount or numberใหญ่โต

massive flooding

vulnerable – easily affected or damaged ที่เปราะบาง ที่ล่อแหลมต่อการเกิดภัยภิบัติ

come into direct contact with - touching the water



the larger the surface, the more area will be affected by the floodwater and the pressure that comes with it.

in reality, … - what is true ….

reality – actually happening ความเป็นจริง

put up with pressure - same as “withstand pressure”

the wall and surface are only designed to put up with pressure of 100-200 kilogrammes per cubic metre for the walls

collapse – falling down suddenly ล้ม พังครืน

huge pressure from water up to two metres deep may cause the wall to collapse and the floor to become warped and cracked.

loose – not tight

wooden structures may become loosened

devour – to read news quickly and eagerly กระหาย

devour parts of small pillars

expose

exposing the steel bars to the water

long-standing floodwater may devour parts of small pillars, exposing the steel bars to the water and causing them to rust

urgently – needing to be dealt with immediately อย่างเร่งด่วน

fix – repair

crumble – to break, or cause something to break, into small pieces แตกละเอียด

they urgently need to be fixed or the structure may crumble.

calm – peaceful and quiet; without anxiety ใจเย็น,ไม่ตื่นเต้น, สงบ



wash away soil – when the dirt on the ground goes away with water

at the same time, the water may wash away the soil that holds the on-the ground foundation, causing the structure to become unbalanced.

extreme – much more severe or serious than usual ที่ร้ายแรงมาก, ที่รุนแรงที่สุด

done with extreme care

carry out a task - do a task

carry out with extreme care

carried out step-by-step - follow an exact procedure or way of doing a task with a exact series of steps

pumping water from a flooded basement must be carried out step-by-step with extreme care



rush – doing something too quickly รีบเร่ง, วิ่ง

doing it in a rush

doing it in a rush can cause further damage

balanced – ที่สมดุล

balanced pressure

keep pressure balanced

initially, it’s necessary to keep pressure balanced between the water in and outside the basement, or pressure outside the basement will push the

wall, causing

guidelines – useful rules or advice to help you perform some task or engage in some activity แนวทาง นโยบาย

guidelines for structural repairs

immediately – happening right after something else with no delay; right away ทันที

replace immediately - change right now (without any delay, do not wait)

broken pillars must be removed and replaced immediately to prevent the structure from falling down.

concerns – worries ความกังวล

doubts – things that you think might not be true, uncertainties; questions about whether something is really true

critical – very important because a future situation will be affected by it สำคัญยิ่ง

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible wire mesh container and heavy duty fabric liner, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

Critical questions concerning flood damaged structures

Have the pillars and beams of the buildings you work or live in been weakened to the point of collapse by floodwaters?

Lurking danger of flood-damaged buildings

  • Published: 1/12/2011 at 08:46 PM
  • Online news: Learning From News

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions Military Barriers/Hesco Bastions

Information

Specification

Military Barrier

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Thailand’s Thongchai in floods appeal-Steel Fence Post

datePosted on 10:18, 十二月 3rd, 2011 by admin

“Without the sponsors’ money we don’t have a tournament and then players don’t get to play. These sorts of events promote sports but they also can help charities which is what my country needs right now.”

Assembly
Assembling the Hesco Bastion entails unfolding it and (if available) using a front end loader to fill it with sand, dirt or gravel. The placement of the barrier is generally very similar to the placement of a sandbag barrier or earth berm except that room must generally be allowed for the equipment used to fill the barrier. The main advantage of Military Barrier, strongly contributing to their popularity with troops and flood fighters, is the quick and easy setup. Previously, people had to fill sandbags,Steel Fence Post, a slow undertaking,树池钢格板, with one worker filling about 20 sandbags per hour. Workers using Military Barrier and a front end loader can do ten times the work of those using sandbags.
The Hesco Barrier come in a variety of sizes. Most of the barriers can also be stacked, and they are shipped collapsed in compact sets. Example dimensions of typical configurations are 46″ x 36″ x 32 (1.4m x 1.1m x 9.8m) to 7 x 5 x 100 (2.1m x 1.5m x 30m).
A new system of Hesco Bastion developed specially for military use is deployed from a container, which is dragged along the line of ground where the barrier is to be formed,Bangkok flooding passes critical point PM-gabion, unfolding up to several hundred meters of barrier in minutes, ready for filling with soil by a backhoe.
Protection
Filled with sand, 60 centimetres (24 inches) of barrier thickness will stop rifle bullets and shell fragments. It takes 1.5 metres (five feet) of thickness to prevent penetration by a rocket propelled grenade round. Approximately 1.2 metres (four feet) of thickness provides protection against most car bombs.
Hesco Barrier Hesco Bastion
Military Barriers Military Bastions
Military Barrier Military Bastion

Thailand’s top golfer Thongchai Jaidee on Thursday defended the money being used to lure star players to next week’s Thai Golf Championships, saying the event can help raise funds for victims of recent flooding.

An estimated US$5 million has reportedly been added to the Thai event by state-owned companies, and world No 2 Rory McIlroy, world No 3 Lee Westwood and Major winner Darren Clarke have all signed up.

Originally designed for use on beaches and marshes for erosion and flood control, the Hesco Bastion quickly became a popular security device in the 1990s.

Thongchai was speaking a day after countryman Thaworn Wiratchant accused the Thai government of wasting money on luring big-name international players to the inaugural event in Bangkok next week.

The QIAOSHI’s Military Barriers or Hesco Bastions is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification. It is made of a collapsible wire mesh container and heavy duty fabric liner,Flood prevention the easy way-异型钢格板, and used as a temporary to semi-permanent dike or barrier against blast or small-arms. One of the less heralded life- and labor-saving devices of war, it is used on nearly every United States Military base in Iraq as well as on NATO bases in Afghanistan.

The Thai Golf Championship is donating money raised from ticket sales to help support flood relief.

“While it might be a good idea to show the rest of the world that Thailand is back to normal, I think the money could have been used to helping the thousands of people affected by the floods,gabion sacks,” Thaworn said.

Thailand’s worst floods in half a century devastated vast areas of the kingdom and left more than 600 people dead.

Thailand’s Thongchai in floods appeal


And Thongchai, a two-time winner of the Asian Tour of Merit, said he was also donating personal items, including clubs, shoes and shirts.

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